One person company

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    One Person Company (OPC) is the perfect hybrid of a Private Limited Company and a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP). It offers the limited liability benefits of a Pvt Ltd as well as the flexibility of an LLP.
    One Person Company in India is a new concept that has been introduced with the Company’s Act 2013. An OPC is owned and managed by a single person, it combines the advantages of a sole proprietorship with those of a company.
    The key features of an OPC include having only one shareholder, limited liability protection, the ability to appoint a nominee, exemption from holding annual general meetings, and relaxed compliance requirements compared to other company types.
    An OPC is a private company by default, as it has only one shareholder. It cannot issue shares to the public, and the word ‘Private’ must be mentioned in its name.
    The OPC registration fee varies based on the authorised capital of the company. As of 2021, the fee ranges from ₹ 2,000 to ₹ 10,000 for different capital slabs. Check the latest regulations with our professionals.

    OPC cannot engage in non-banking financial operations, such as investing in the securities of anybody corporate, and OPC cannot be converted into a Section 8 companies.


    OPCs must comply with the rules and regulations under the Companies Act, 2013, and other applicable laws. They should have a minimum of one director and one nominee, and the nominee’s consent must be obtained. OPCs also have certain restrictions on their operations and cannot carry out non-banking financial investment activities.

    An OPC is obliged to convene at least one Board meeting in each half of the year, with no more than 90 days passing between meetings.
    E form AOC-4 must be submitted to ROC within 180 days of the fiscal year’s end. The annual financial report (AOC 4) includes a balance sheet, P&L, and auditor’s report.
    Form MGT 7A must be submitted to ROC within 60 days of the AGM date. (MGT 7A is an annual return that covers details of directors and shareholders).
    File an income tax return by October 31 of the next fiscal year.
    Tax audit report in Form 3CA-3CD if the turnover exceeds the allowable threshold specified by the Income Tax Act of 1961 on or before September 30 of the succeeding fiscal year.